RD Burman, who carved Indian music with his skill and blessed Hindi cinema with his tunes. The king of tunes, Rahul Dev Burman had another name as well. ‘Pancham’… means the fifth note of the sargam. Today is the birth anniversary of this great personality of Hindi cinema music. Let’s take a look at his contribution to Hindi cinema music-
This was the period when only one and a half decade had passed since the country got independence. Indian cinema was trying to stand on its feet. Legendary actors like Raj Kapoor, Dilip Kumar, Dev Anand were trying to take Hindi cinema to new heights with their performances. All these people knew the role of music in Hindi cinema. That’s why after the actor, the music director was most in demand.
During this period, film music was divided into two different parts. One part that was highly influenced by classical music. Naushad, Khayyam, SD Burman, OP Nayyar, Madan Mohan, Hemant Kumar, C Ramchandra, Roshan, Vasant Desai etc. were such musicians who were doing new experiments with Indian classical music. His music was popular in those days…but it was not common.
On the other hand, Shankar-Jaikishan, Kalyanji-Anandji, Laxmikant-Pyarelal, C Ramchandra etc. were some such musicians who were making music other than pure classical music. In the 50-60s, C Ramchandra was the first music composer in Hindi cinema, who was listening to people using western musical instruments in his tunes. This was the same period when music arrangers from Goa dominated Hindi cinema music. In that period, string instruments were being used extensively.
But by the time of 70s, there was a sound of big change in Hindi cinema music. ‘Pancham’ had registered its arrival in the beginning of this changing era. Not only India, the whole world is aware of the exploits done by ‘Pancham’ after this.
When we are young…
Pancham da started composing tunes since childhood. The father came to know about this skill of the son when Pancham brought very low marks in the school. Due to this incident, silence spread in the house. When father Sachin Dev Burman came to know, he immediately came to Kolkata from Mumbai. After seeing the report card of ‘Pancham’ asked – what do you want to do? Pancham said – want to become a musician, that too bigger than you. Father asked – this work is not so easy. Then he asked – Have you composed any tune? In answer to this question, Pancham handed over not one but the entire 9 tunes to his father.
Some of my stuff…
Father SD Burman returned to Mumbai without saying anything to son Pancham. A few days later, the film ‘Fantush’ was screened in a cinema hall in Kolkata, in one of whose songs ‘Aye Meri Topi Palat Ke Aa’, a tune of Pancham’s father was used. Sachin Dev Burman was the music director of this film. Pancham, after hearing the tune of the song, became very angry with his father and said to his father – You have stolen my tune! On this SD Burman said to Pancham – Don’t be angry Pancham, I just wanted to see whether people like your tune or not.
This story is of two words…
After this the journey of RD Burman’s music started. But it was not easy. RD Burman came to Mumbai from Kolkata. Where his music training started. Here RD Burman learned sarod from Ustad Ali Akbar Khan. Learned to play tabla from Samta Prasad. Along with this, RD Burman also knew how to play the mouth organ. RD Burman also considered Salil Chowdhary as his guru.
The crazy has brought…
After this, the real test of RD Burman i.e. Pancham begins. Pancham got the first break of his career in 1959. The name of the film was ‘Raj’, but it could not be completed and was stopped in the middle. Pancham’s struggle continued and after two years he got a chance to give music in ‘Chhote Nawab’. This film was of Mehmood. This was Pancham’s first film. Later both of them also acted together in ‘Bhoot Bungalow’ in 1965. But Pancham got real recognition from the film ‘Teesri Manzil’. Whose music people liked very much. After this, Pancham Da did not look back again.
Now that you have stolen my heart…
The most special thing about RD Burman was that he had the ability to create music anytime and from anything. Then whether it is an empty bottle of whiskey, or the bonnet of the car. Music was heard in everything like the school bench, Pancham Da. In Devanand’s film titled ‘Darling-Darling’, its song was ‘Raat Gayi Baat Gayi’, Pancham did something that Kishore Kumar and Devanand were also surprised. Pancham da created music from the back of his partner Maruti Rao Keer. Pancham asked Maruti Rao Keer to take off his shirt, after that Pancham slapped him on the back, the sound that came out of it was used by Pancham as a tune in this song.
This is very naughty…
Pancham also prominently included percussion instruments in his music. It can be said that who did not experiment with percussion instruments as much as Pancham did. Renowned music director Vanraj Bhatia, who won the National Film Award for Best Music Direction, said in an interview that Pancham was a genius music director.
Pancham also used traditional musical instruments very beautifully. Madal’s ‘Ghar’ movie song ‘Tere Bina Jiya Jaye Na’, ‘Joshile’ song ‘Dil Mein Jo Baatein Hai Aaj Chalo Hum Keh De’. In ‘Jeeva’, ‘Barsaat Ki Raat’, Pancham used the instrument beautifully and produced wonderful tunes from this instrument, which still leave listeners in awe. Only Pancham used Asha Bhosle’s voice correctly. Gave a new height to the singing range of Asha Bhosle.
RD Burman’s team was brilliant. There were more than one capable people in this team, who were expert in their craft. These people also had a big hand in making RD Burman a super hit. Veterans like Manohari Singh, Maruti Rao Keer, Bhupendra Singh, Sultan Singh, Ranjit Gajmer, Kersi Lord, Raj Sodha, Kishore Sodha, Homi Mullan etc were included in this team. Who used to add life to the songs with their skill.
where your eyes are…
When RD Burman stepped into background music, he changed the direction and condition of background music in Hindi films. Background music is still discussed with the theme music of the film ‘Sholay’. The manner in which the tune of tabla was used on the arrival of dacoits in the film is nothing short of amazing. In the theme music of ‘Sholay’, Pancham has made great use of Indian musical instruments with trumpet, string instrument. The special thing is that the theme song of this film was recorded in 6 track sound for the first time.
Filmfare Award: Rahul Dev Burman
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|My love I swear this on you
|best music director
|best music director
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This day comes once in youth…
There was a moment in Pancham’s life which he never forgot and felt proud remembering it. Pancham’s father SD Burman i.e. Sachin Dev Burman who himself was a great musician. He had a lot of respect and honor in the film industry. He used to go for a walk often in the morning in a park in Juhu, Mumbai.
One day he came home after walking in the morning and said to Pancham – Pancham! I am very happy today. Pancham was surprised that what is father saying? By the way, he used to wake up every morning and used to taunt that he sleeps till late. getting fat. What has happened to father suddenly today?
SD Burman said – Fifth! When I go for a walk in the park people often say look! SD Burman is going, but today it was amazing, people were saying look! RD Burman’s father is going. Pancham considered this moment as one of the best moments of his life.
Let Raina pass…
Some people also say about Pancham that he had a hold on western music only, so it would be wrong to say so. Pancham also had a deep understanding of Indian classical music. He was brought up and trained in Indian classical music. A glimpse of his deep understanding of classical music is found in the song Raina Beeti Jaye from the film ‘Amar Prem’.
There is no problem with life without you.
RD Burman worked with all the successful lyricists of his era. But Pancham had the most difficulty with Gulzar. Despite this, both of them made great songs together. When Gulzar reached Pancham with the songs of the film ‘Aandhi’, he got upset after seeing the songs. Pancham said to Gulzar- “Tomorrow you will come with the heading of an English newspaper and ask them to make a tune on it”. Regarding Gulzar’s songs, Pancham believed that the meter of Gulzar’s songs is different. Despite this, Pancham made an evergreen song like ‘Tere Bina Zindagi Se Koi Shikwa To Nahi’.