Shifting Political Dynamics in MP Election 2023: Caste Plays a Pivotal Role

MP Election 2023: In a surprising turn of events, Madhya Pradesh, a state historically known for staying clear of caste-based politics, is now witnessing a significant shift in its political landscape. Much like its neighboring state, Uttar Pradesh, caste politics is beginning to rear its head, and it’s catching everyone’s attention.

Caste Dynamics on the Rise

While caste-based politics was mostly associated with Panchayat elections, recent trends suggest that it’s now extending its influence to the state’s legislative and parliamentary elections. A recent study conducted by the Ajim Premji University on the politics and social issues in Madhya Pradesh revealed that a whopping 65% of voters now consider the caste or community of their candidates before casting their ballots.

If this trend continues to grow, it could usher in a new era of caste polarization in the state’s politics. In the future, political parties may find themselves strategizing and fielding candidates based on caste preferences. Although current surveys still show parties largely nominating candidates based on other factors, the future could hold a different story. Understanding the caste power through these statistics is an eye-opener.

Caste Attraction: A Breakdown

Breaking down the numbers, it’s evident that caste plays a crucial role in the electoral landscape:

  • 21.1% of voters belong to the Scheduled Tribes (ST).
  • 15.6% of voters belong to the Scheduled Castes (SC).
  • 50.09% of voters belong to the Other Backward Classes (OBC).

Moreover, 142 seats are reserved for ST, SC, and OBC representatives, ensuring their significant presence in the legislature. Among these, 35 seats are reserved for SC candidates, while 47 are reserved for ST candidates. Additionally, OBC voters hold a substantial sway on 60 seats.

Partywise Representation

Examining the party-wise distribution of these caste groups among legislators, we find:


  • 18 legislators belong to the SC category.
  • 16 legislators belong to the ST category.
  • 38 legislators belong to the OBC category.


  • 15 legislators belong to the SC category.
  • 30 legislators belong to the ST category.
  • 21 legislators belong to the OBC category.

Cabinet Composition

Analyzing the composition of the Shivraj Cabinet, we notice:

  • 25% of the cabinet comprises OBC ministers.
  • 30% of the cabinet is represented by the Kshatriya community.
  • 4 ministers belong to the ST category.
  • 3 ministers come from the SC category.
  • 3 ministers belong to the Brahmin community.

Madhya Pradesh’s political landscape is undergoing a significant transformation as caste considerations play an increasingly pivotal role in elections and governance. With over half of the state’s voters influenced by caste factors, it’s evident that caste politics is here to stay, possibly reshaping the dynamics of the state’s politics in the coming years. While parties currently rely on other strategies, the data suggests that caste may soon become the primary consideration in candidate selection and voter choices, fundamentally altering the state’s political landscape.

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