The Chhattisgarh government’s Narva scheme is working as a lifeline for food providers. Now farmers do not have to wait for rain for water. With the expansion of irrigation facilities through Narva, the income of farmers is increasing. At the same time, they are also becoming empowered socially and economically. Narva Structures Brushwood is a great example of recharging groundwater at no cost. Structures are being constructed in the drains in the forest areas located in the state. Due to which the creatures present in the areas will not need to go to the residential areas to find their fodder and water. Rural and farmers are being developed by the administration for drinking water and means of irrigation. Due to which the availability of water is ensured, the farmers will not have to face any kind of difficulty in doing farming.
Chhattisgarh, a state full of water, forest and natural resources, where paddy, various crops, fruits, vegetables are produced in large quantities, along with increasing the production in the agriculture sector, both agricultural development and farmer’s welfare are two aspects of each other. There are, and the Suraji Gaon Yojana of the state government is improving all these aspects of development. Under the Chhattisgarh government’s Suraji village scheme, continuous efforts are being made to give full employment to the people in the village itself and to develop Narva, Garva, Ghurva and Bari for the development of the village while giving impetus to the rural economy. Due to which now the picture of the villages is changing. Concrete efforts are being made in the direction of conservation and promotion of underground water sources through the Narva program so that agriculture and agriculture related activities can be promoted. This scheme is proving very beneficial for the farmers dependent on rain water. In Durg district, various works are being done continuously for the protection and promotion of rivers and drains, as a result of which the villagers are getting great facilities for activities like farming and animal husbandry.
The drains in Chhattisgarh are called Narva. Under this scheme, water has to be stopped by making check dams on the drains of the state and that water should be made available for irrigation of fields. Apart from this, the rain water that flows through the drains has to be recharged by stopping it. The Narva Yojana is mainly based on this scientific technique that due to decrease in the velocity of water, the earth recharges faster. Because the earth gets more time to absorb water. Often, the faster the water rises in the rain drains, the faster it also descends. Now farmers are getting sufficient amount of water for Kharif as well as Rabi crops, groundwater level is also increasing in the surrounding areas. Along with this, the villagers are also getting employment by participating in Narva development works under MNREGA.
Area treatment and drainage line treatment works have been given a new shape under Narwa in Durg district. For area treatment, raw drain, private dubri, new pond, tree plantation, water absorption trench, land reclamation, recharge pit and wells have been constructed. For drainage line treatment, nullah revival and deepening, other new Narva renovation, check dam, check dam renovation, brushwood check dam, recharge pit etc. have been constructed. The figures of work sanctioned under Narva are commendable. A total of 6207 works were taken up in the DPR, out of which 6164 works have been approved. 5890 tasks have been completed. A total of 196 narvas have been made in 304 gram panchayats and narvas have been treated. Total 167660.81 ha with 89 dikes. Water storage area has been created.
The increase in the amount of moisture in the soil is assessed on the basis of vegetation cover and agricultural productivity in the area. Due to moisture, the roots of plants spread and plants take their food from the soil with moisture. Due to excess water, there is a problem of fungal diseases like wet rot and root rot in the crop. The status of underground water surface is assessed twice a year. Pre-monsoon is from March to May and post-monsoon is from October to December.
Assessment of flow in Narva The flow of water in Narva is assessed on the basis of rupees per liter per second. When the amount of water in Narva is good, then the farmer gets convenience in farming. The impact of this indicator is assessed on the basis of change in irrigated area of rabi and kharif crops. The drain water is being used by the farmers for irrigation, due to which the productivity of the crop has increased.
Scheme proved helpful for rich crops
Due to water logging in Gajra Nala water shed due to less rainfall, farmers are getting water facility for irrigation. Due to which the production of crops is increasing. Ground water level is rising in nearby hand pumps and boreholes. In Gram Panchayats Aktai, Auri, Pauha and Ranitarai, rain water has accumulated in the nullahs due to sacking. Due to this waterlogging, the farmers have been provided with plenty of water for irrigation. It is proving helpful for rich crops. fifteen kms. 1.5 thousand farmers are producing rabi crop after treatment in Lumti drain, 1610 farmers are producing through bore in 745 hectare. Due to which the underground water level has also increased.
National Model of Water Conservation
Earlier, farmers used to bore boreholes up to 500 meters on both sides of the drain, now they are taking water from the drain. Collector Pushpendra Kumar Meena continuously inspects the development works in Dhamdha. The water level is expected to rise up to five inches through the Narva structure ready to welcome the nectar drops of monsoon. The works of two phases of Narva have been successfully completed, the water level has increased by 586 inches, due to which the hard work of 15,000 workers has paid off. Through this scheme, not only the decline in ground water level is coming down. Rather, the area of drains is also being increased by cleaning the Narva and improving the land. The aim of this scheme is also that the water level in wells, handpumps and borewells should not decrease during the summer season and the farmers of the state can do farming easily. Availability of water should remain throughout the year and farmers should remain self-sufficient and empowered. Narva is emerging as a national model in water conservation.
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